Publication Ethics Publication Ethics

 | Post date: 2021/08/30 | 

General Declaration
Biotechnology Plan  Parsa, owned by Ilam University of Medical Sciences, is committed to complying with the ethics of publishing in accordance with COPE's Code of Conduct and Best Practices (https://publicationethics.org/). Our magazine is not a copied member at the moment, but it is emphasized that all the rules of COPE are observed face to face and are updated. We have also applied for membership in the copy.
Plant Biotechnology Persa restrictedly adheres to the “Code of Conduct” and the “Best Practice Guidelines” and "Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing".
Click to download the PDF file of the “Code of Conduct for Journal Publishers (Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing)".
Click to download the PDF file of the “Code of Conduct and the Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors” provided by COPE.
Plagiarism, Duplicated Publication, Data Fabrication, and Falsification
Plant Biotechnology Persa is committed to publishing original studies and timely reviews that have neither been published nor are under review elsewhere. Plant Biotechnology Persa is powered by iThenticate™ and all the submitted manuscripts (MSs) are subjected to the CrossCheck. Taken all, all plagiarized materials will incur the “Plagiarism Sanctions”.
Submitted MSs, which are found to be published or under review elsewhere, will be sustained and experience the “Duplicated Publication Sanctions”.
Submitted MSs, which are found to include either fabricated or falsified data including the manipulation of images, will confront the “Data Fabrication/Falsification Sanctions”.
Redundant Publications
All the redundant publications, which are involved in an inappropriate dividing of study outcomes into several articles, will face the “Redundant Publication Sanctions”.
Citation Manipulation
All the submitted MSs found to have manipulated citations primarily for just increasing the number of citations to a given author(s) or article(s) will incur the “Citation Manipulation Sanctions”.
Gift Authorship
All listed authors are required to have significant scientific contributions to the research of the submitted MS and also approved the claimed findings. Gift Authorship, an author without any significant scientific contribution, will meet with the “Gift Authorship Sanctions”.
According to the ICMJE, the authorship should be based on the following criteria:

  • Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work, or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data.

  • Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content.

  • Final approval of the version published.

  • Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Retraction
Based on the COPE guidelines on the retraction, the Plant Biotechnology Persa will consider retracting a publication if:

  • It has clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental error).

  • The findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper crossreferencing, permission, or justification (i.e. cases of redundant publication).

  • It constitutes plagiarism.

  • It reports unethical research.

Sanctions
In the case of occurrence documented violations of the aforementioned policies of the Plant Biotechnology Persa, it is the Plant Biotechnology Persa’s right to apply the following sanctions:

  • Plant Biotechnology Persa keeps all the rights to retract the infringing published works at any time found based on the COPE guideline for retracting articles.

  • A prohibition against all the authors for any new submissions to the Plant Biotechnology Persa for a minimum of 24 months.

  • A prohibition against all the infringed authors from serving as a reviewer to acting as a member of the Editorial Board of the Plant Biotechnology Persa for a minimum of 36 months.

  • In cases of occurrence of violations found to be particularly ostensible, the Plant Biotechnology Persa reserves the right to apply additional sanctions beyond the aforementioned actions.


Plant Biotechnology Persa strongly considers the "ethical standards for publication" to ensure the "high-quality scientific publications", which grants the public trust for the scientific findings as to the proof-of-concept and the proof-of-transformative technology. Plant Biotechnology Persa follows Helsinki Declaration.

Click to read the Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects.
Principles of Publishing Ethics


Publication Ethics
Plant Biotechnology Persa is considering the committee's guidelines in all aspects of publication ethics. You can find some of COPE's instructions below.
Academic dishonesty
Suspected plagiarism in a submitted manuscript (PDF) and in a published article (PDF), Suspected redundant (duplicate) publication a submitted manuscript (PDF) and in a published article (PDF), Suspect fabricated data in a submitted manuscript (PDF) and in a published article (PDF )
Authorship
Request for removal of the author before publication (PDF), Request for addition of extra author before (PDF) or after publication (PDF), Advice on how to spot authorship problems (PDF), Request for removal of author Suspected guest, ghost, or gift authorship (PDF).
Conflict of Interest (CoI)
If a reader suspects undisclosed conflict of interest in a published article (PDF) and If a reviewer suspects undisclosed conflict of interest in a submitted manuscript (PDF)
Other considerations
How COPE handles complaints against editors (PDF), If we suspect a reviewer has appropriated an author’s idea or data (PDF) and If we suspect an ethical problem with a submitted manuscript (PDF)


Other publication ethics
The submitted article or its content must not have been previously published in another journal or submit to others journals at the same time, and if the manuscript accepted in the journal, it must not be presented or published elsewhere.
The preparation of the manuscript should be free from any malfunction, immoral act and contrary to scientific norms, including falsification of data, distortion of facts, plagiarism in presenting analysis or conducting experiments and examining the opinions of others, or in expressing the results of research.
If the members of the editorial board have any questions regarding the observance of ethical matters, the author is obliged to answer and has the right to defend himself against the evidence and request a thorough and prompt examination.
The list of authors should indicate exactly who did the research and who wrote the article. Mentioning the person in charge and colleagues in the article and being careful in the absence of irrelevant names is essential.
The person in charge of the article is the person who has played a major role in the preparation, preparation, design and execution of the article, and the names of other authors are mentioned as collaborators in the article.
Make sure there are no names other than the authors of the article.
The personal information of the authors of the articles is kept confidential to all persons who have access to it, including the editor, members of the editorial staff, internal and executive director of the journal, and is protected at all times.
Manuscripts submitted by authors it is necessary that the work of the author of the article be presented and if the research of other people is used, the source should be mentioned in the article.
Decisions about articles are made under the supervision of the editorial board and through the appointment of qualified judges.
All received manuscripts are reviewed by several referees (2-3) without knowing the names of the authors.
The opinions of the reviewers will be announced to the author after summarizing.
The use of the results of the research of others authors must be done with the reference and written permission of the author.
Editorial members should not be involved in deciding on their works and articles.
The journal reserves the right to reject articles suspected of non-compliance with ethical principles.
The quarterly is free to edit articles.
The quarterly does not receive any money for reviewing and publishing articles.
Articles are reviewed equally, bilaterally and anonymously.
The journal looks at all articles submitted without bias and the editor respects the authors' intellectual independence.
The quarterly adheres to the policy of free access (free of charge) to articles.
All submitted articles will be reviewed by similar tracking systems first.
In addition to being subject to the criteria of the Ethics Committee for Publication (COPE), this publication follows the research ethics charter of the Ministry of Health, Treatment and Medical Education of Iran, as well as the executive regulations of the Law on Prevention and Combating Fraud in Scientific Works.

Double blind peer review
In this type of reviewing, the pattern of the authors and the reveiwers are both anonymous and do not know each other. The author's anonymity prevents any bias of the referee. The manuscripts of prominent judges are judged solely on the content of the article, not the reputation of the author.
The article will be reviewed by 2 to 3 reviewers. The reviews are both external and the other is internal.

Duties and responsibilities of scientific editors and teachers
The editor is responsible for deciding whether to publish articles submitted to the journal. Reviewing articles in terms of complying with the policies of the magazine's editorial board and adhering to the approved laws is another task of the editor.
The editor should review the article solely in terms of content, regardless of the authors' race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnicity, citizenship, or political orientation.
The editor and any member of the editorial board should not disclose any information about the submitted article except to the responsible author, reviewers, editors and publisher.
The editor may not use unpublished items in submitted articles without the written permission of the author.

Duties of the reviewers
The reviewers assist the editor of the journal in publishing the quality, content and scientific review of the articles.
The reviewers communicate with the author through the editorial members to help the author to improve the quality and content of the article.
All information contained in the articles must be kept confidential to the arbitrator and must not be shown or discussed by anyone other than those authorized by the authorized editor. The reviewing of manuscripts should be based on scientific documents and sufficient reasoning and should be clearly stated and the taste and personal opinion in judging articles should be avoided.
The reviewers should draw the editor's attention to any significant similarities or overlaps between the articles under review or any other published article of which he is aware.
Special information or ideas obtained during arbitration should be kept confidential and should not be used for personal gain.
Any referee who feels that he does not have the necessary qualifications to review a research work, for any reason, whether the subject of the article is not in the field of work or the refereeing process is prolonged due to lack of time or lack of access to sufficient facilities, etc. should inform the editor and cancel the review process of the manuscript.
Attention to the references used in the manuscript is another task of the reviewers, all research, topics and citations used in the article should be accompanied by a complete reference in the bibliography.
Arbitrators should not accept manuscripts for which the interests of certain individuals, institutions and companies are obtained or personal relationships are observed.

Duties of the authors
In addition to an accurate report of the work done, the authors of research papers should also provide a good scientific statement of its importance.
Manuscripts should be detailed and referential enough to allow others to replicate it.
False statements are immoral and unacceptable.
It is against the law to submit an article to several journals at the same time or to submit manuscripts published or accepted in other journals.
Manuscripts submitted by authors should be the work of the author of the article and any use of other people's research should be cited in the article.
All those who have a significant contribution to the work should be named as co-authors or appreciated as collaborators.
The original author must ensure that the names of all co-authors are included in the article and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the article and agree to submit it to the journal for publication.
Whenever the author notices any errors or inaccuracies in the article, he/she informs the editor of the journal or the publisher about it and takes action to correct it or withdraw the article.

 




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