Volume 6, Issue 1 (6-2024)                   pbp 2024, 6(1): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Abangah G, Pirhadi M, Shojaei B, Nazer M, Ghaysouri A. Determining the Amount of Lead Heavy Metal in Glycyrrhiza glabra (Licorice) and Foeniculum vulgare (Fennel) Medicinal Plants. pbp 2024; 6 (1)
URL: http://pbp.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-207-en.html
1- Associate Professor of Gastroenterology and Hepatology School of Medicine, Shahid Mostafa Khomaeini Hospital, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
2- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Food Safety Division, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tehran, Iran
3- Midwifery Department, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran
4- Professor of Infectious Disease Department of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, School of Medicine Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran , mrnazer@ymail.com
5- Assistant Professor of Pulmonary Diseases Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Emam Khomeini Hospital Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
Abstract:   (971 Views)
Medicinal plants and herbal medicines are usually safer than chemical medicines, but their arbitrary use may be associated with side effects. Some people think that medicinal plants and medicines that have a plant base cannot cause health problems and are not harmful, while medicinal plants and herbal medicines, like any chemical medicine, have their own side effects. The food chain, including edible and medicinal plants, can be one of the important sources of heavy metals transfer to the human body and endanger human health. The aim of this study is to determine the amount of lead heavy metal in licorice and fennel medicinal plants using furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. The results of this study showed that the average heavy metal concentration of lead in licorice and fennel was 21.63 ppb and 23.45 ppb, respectively. The results obtained in this study are higher than the limit set by WHO. Based on the results, consumption of licorice and fennel medicinal plants has dangerous health consequences for consumers, especially children and pregnant women. Heavy metals enter the body by consuming food such as medicinal plants, contaminated water and other sources and can lead to toxic effects in different organs. Considering the potential risk of heavy metal contamination for public health and their carcinogenic effects, obtaining information regarding the concentration of heavy metals in medicinal plants can be helpful.


Received: 2023/11/3 | Accepted: 2024/12/29 | Published: 2023/12/1

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